Why are Ecosystem Services at risk?

Often, cultivation and management of a given area is carried out for high short-term returns, with little thought to the consequences. 

The brunt of the losses caused is frequently borne by marginalised groups and poor communities.It is important to understand the relationship between the productivity and integrity of ecosystems, and their ability to regulate and protect from adverse impacts. 

Since these relationships are complex, and often become obvious only once damage has been done, it is crucial to take a precautionary approach.