What are Ecosystem Services?

Ecosystem Services (ES) are the benefits that we obtain from nature. 

These may take many forms, ranging from tangible goods that can be harvested, traded and consumed, to less obvious support and protection that we enjoy from plants and animals. 

Forests provide materials for building homes, cooking and heating, and feeding and healing. They can counter adverse incidents, such as heavy rainfall, floods and erosion, buffer noise and dirt from industry and break the path of storms and avalanches. They also act as reservoirs and purifiers for drinking water and are home to bees that pollinate crops. 

Forests offer important spaces for leisure, allowing us to experience wilderness and natural beauty.